If excavation support is not designed properly, it can lead to significant risks to the surrounding structures and the environment. Excavations can cause soil movement, which can lead to the deformation of nearby structures, resulting in cracks, tilting, and settlement. In extreme cases, this can lead to structural failure and endanger human life. The risks associated with improper excavation support design can be mitigated by the use of geotechnical engineering principles and practices, including careful site investigation, analysis of soil properties, and design of effective support systems. By designing and implementing a safe and reliable excavation support system, the risks associated with deformation and movement of structures can be minimized, ensuring the long-term stability and safety of the excavation and surrounding structures.


Finite element modeling (FEM) is a widely used tool in geotechnical design to simulate complex soil-structure interaction problems, including support of excavation. FEM helps to accurately predict the deformation and movement of structures under different loading and environmental conditions and can aid in designing effective excavation support systems. The use of FEM in support of excavation design enables our engineers to optimize excavation support designs, identify potential problems and hazards, and ensure that the excavation support system is safe and cost-effective.